Within this investigation, quantitative details are shown regarding suggest and important departure and you can stratified variables in terms of amounts and you will percent. T-take to was applied evaluate the fresh setting and logistic regression research was applied to evaluate new independent variables from inside the postpartum despair. 05.
After collecting data, results obtained from 174 pregnant women entered statistical analysis. 23 pregnant women were excluded from the study due to positive results from the Beck test. 9 participants with gestational diabetes mellitus, 2 cases of hypothyroidism, and 5 patients with preterm labor were hospitalized. 9 people did not attend follow-up and did not respond to telephone calls, 1 had a stillbirth, and thus 49 participants were excluded from the study. The mean age of the participants was 25.7 years. 42% of the mothers experienced the first pregnancy. 67.8% of the mothers were scored below 12 in Edinburgh’s postpartum depression scale and 32.2% had a score above 12. After examining the demographic variables between the two depressed and nondepressed groups including mother’s age, education level, job, type of delivery, sex of neonate, number of pregnancies, and father’s education and job, the household income was the only variable that had significant difference in the two groups and it was lower in the depressed mothers (p <0.05) (Table 1).
The info pertaining to part of the parameters together with prepregnancy loads, bmi, the second and you will third trimester gaining weight, and kind and you can full weight gain while pregnant was indeed plus mathematically reviewed. Determine her or him, brand new mathematical try out-of logistic regression was applied there try a life threatening dating anywhere between depression and you may weight gain of one’s third trimester (Or = 1.17).
Depending on the wide variety needed by the IOM getting normal and you may fat pregnant women, weight changes was basically split up into step 3 groups: inadequate, sufficient, and continuously, and its particular experience of depression are investigated because of the logistic regression sample and therefore did not inform you people extreme relationships (Dining table 2). Because money are rather more anywhere between disheartened and you can nondepressed teams, the relationship ranging from depression as well as pounds parameters are remeasured that have changed effect of money and you can once more only the third trimester lbs get had significant reference to despair due to the effect of money (Or step one.17, 95%CI step 1.04-step 1.32) (Desk 3).
Since revealed in the present analysis, there is zero relationships anywhere between very first weight and you will initial Body mass index as better as brand of Body mass index (regular otherwise obese) and you may PPD. Evidence indicated that ladies in gestational several months reaches the greater risk of anxiety and you will studies have shown a love anywhere between obesity and you will despair within the expecting and you may nonpregnant people and you will determined that around is a serving-impulse matchmaking between the rise in first Body mass index as well as the enhanced threat of anxiety while pregnant and postpartum .
In today’s study, 33% away from mothers having typical Bmi and you may 31.4% off overweight pregnant women had positive results out-of PPD evaluation, although the a couple groups did not have a big difference when you look at the postpartum anxiety.
In line with the conclusions, LaCoursiere (2006) indicated that the latest frequency out-of PPD periods in females having typical Bmi is twenty two.8 ± 1.2% also it are 31.8% ± dos.5% in overweight lady but in a brand new study, certainly 245 women that are pregnant having regular lbs while pregnant, 7.8% in the six-2 months just after birth had despair . I hypothesized that the significantly more Bmi early in pregnancy are, more probably the mommy should be to experience PPD https://datingranking.net/local-hookup/guelph/ however, the data did not support the theory. Fox and you will Yamaguchi (1997) figured in comparison with prepregnancy regular pounds women, over weight women have been prone to has actually positive have a look at regarding their human body picture and you can weight gain while pregnant as well as the costs out-of sense PPD are comparable toward several communities .
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